Preventive DentistryPreventive dentistry, is the science that deals with the study and knowledge of the dental and oral disease prevention. The dental professional will consider applying fluoride. Fluoride in prophylactic doses is harmless. The toothpaste typically contains about 1400 ppm (ppm) fluorine. The children's toothpaste containing less of this element to minimize the risks if ingested. The green tea infusions contain fluorine; also, Green tea has antibacterial activity and many properties, as its antioxidant. If these infusions should be taken without sugar, especially if it is a refined sugar, this helps to maintain proper oral health, but the taste is not as appetizing. Controlling the intake of certain foods is another aspect to consider. The following are important:
- There are substances that have a high cariogenic potential. These include sucrose and glucose. These sugars are present in products that presumably contain sugar such as candy, but also in packaged foods or prepared.
- Sticky products, gum with sugar as the sugar candy, favor more the risk of decay.
- Consider the number of shots a day, how long to do and if accompanied by other foods. Take, for example, appetizers such as wheat crust toasted corn several times al day, during 20 minutes between the hours may be less desirable, from the viewpoint of dental health, to make a juice with sugar rapidly along with some toast with tomato and olive oil for breakfast.
- Take refined sugar is less desirable than the brown sugar.
- This does not replace but complements measures such as brushing.
General DentistryGeneral dentistry is responsible for solving most of the problems people buccal. When a patient comes to the clinic for the first time is visited by a dentist, which perform all necessary tests and x-rays to obtain a perfect diagnosis and explain to the patient all the alternatives to leave the mouth in perfect. Fillings, reconstructions, extractions, prótesis fijas de circonio o porcelana son algunos de los principales tratamientos que nuestros odontólogos realizan a diario y son la base de la odontología moderna.
EndodonticsEndodontics It is the root canal treatment, this corresponds to any therapy that is practiced in the dentin-pulp complex of a tooth. It is the dental specialty also known from 1963 American Dental Association. Endodontic therapy could be said to range from a direct or indirect pulp capping until complete removal of the dental pulp. Applies fractured teeth, with deep caries or injured pulp tissue in (loose connective tissue) in which gives a characteristic symptoms pulpitis (Classification of pulp injury). And the study of pathology Periapical This injury may be reversible (protective maneuvers endodontic pulpal inflammatory process can be reversed pulp) o irreversible, when the only treatment option is the complete removal of the dental pulp, and three-dimensional obturation of the dental canal. Also performed biopulpectomías total prosthetic teeth purposes.(fixed prostheses) Endodontics is the treatment in different situations of Dental Traumatology. Glossary endodontic. The process of making a root canal usually is the following:
- Clean the root canal system: bacteria, necrotic tissue, etc.. to leave the canal aseptic as possible. You never get to be completely sterile just about the main line of each root and numerous accessory canals inaccessible to biomechanical instrumentation but accessible to root canal irrigants in drug form.
- The root canal filling three-dimensional shape and size: is shaped conical crown to the apex of the tooth. Establishing an occlusal rest is left to right on the working length, this is that the filler is set to the length of the root and, last, be respected original canal morphology.
- Get the apical seal and around the duct.
- Get a close biological histological level.
PeriodonticsThe periodontics Dentistry is the medical specialty that studies the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases and conditions affecting the tissues that support organs and periodontal dental substitutes implanted, for health maintenance, function and esthetics of the teeth and adjacent tissues. The Contemporary Periodontics is the specialty of dentistry that emerges to support the study of scientific evidence on the state of periodontal health and disease. The main periodontal diseases affecting dentition periodontitis and gingivitis are. Today with the advent of implant, periodontics is also responsible for the prevention and treatment of diseases such as peri periimplantares. Periodontal disease manifests as gingivitis (inflammation and bleeding of the gums without affecting the bone) or periodontitis, occurs where the destruction of the bone that supports the tooth. If not treated early can lead to tooth loss. A periodontal treatment is from the technical correction of hygiene to control plaque, to the elimination of the triggers of the same (calculations or dental plaque and periodontal pockets). The most common therapy for the treatment of periodontal disease and curettage are the most advanced cases periodontal surgery.
Dental RadiologyThe intraoral radiography is an exploratory technique consists in placing, inside the mouth, of x-rays of different sizes that are exposed, from the outside, by an X-ray apparatus. The orthopantomography or panoramic radiograph is a radiological technique that represents, in a single film, an overview of the jaws, jaw and teeth, therefore, is of primary utility in the area dentomaxilomandibular. Today digital radiography is replacing traditional x-ray film, This technique leads to better image quality by reducing patient radiation up 80%. The radiology informatics aligns the captured images radiologically for details that were previously impossible to see.
Removable prosthesesThe dentures grouped those that are made with acrylic resin (or other plastics), and that can be placed and removed by the patient. The development of these dentures has to address both functional and aesthetic criteria, and we invite the patient to undergo a careful hygiene, both the oral cavity of the prosthesis, that must be removed for cleaning.
RepairsThe repairs to dentures intended to return the removable prosthetic appliances in perfect role. The most common repairs are being made to repair dentures replace items worn or broken teeth, add teeth to apparatus for subsequent loss of other teeth etc.. A good repair in a dental prosthesis is to extend the life of the appliance and reduced cost in case you have to do it again.
Fixed prosthesesThe fixed prostheses, are completely tooth-supported prostheses, taking support on the teeth only. The dentist teeth size which will serve as support, called abutment teeth and at the ends of each edentulous region (toothless), in which cemented fixed prosthesis will carefully adjusted. To do this in the clinic, the dentist will take impressions and bite registrations subsequently sent to the laboratory where the technician empty, or positive, impressions in plaster, and makes the resulting models on the structures of the prosthesis fixed with wax. These tarpaulins are included in special coatings resistant to high temperatures, and proceeds to cast in metal alloys with different. The last step would be to mount the ceramic on the metal structures, depending on the type of prosthesis secured to perform, as there is also the possibility of making crowns and bridges in pure porcelain (sin metal) or on a base of a white material called alumina or zirconium. The dental technician will have to use an articulator that simulates the temporomandibular joint of the patient, antagonist models that reproduce the patient's dental arch, etc., to achieve a proper occlusion and functional. Several tests will be conducted in the mouth, and after getting three core objectives of a prosthesis, The dentist cemented in the mouth the result, but this can be removed by the patient.
OrthodonticsThe orthodontics is a science that deals with the study, prevention, diagnosis and treatment of abnormal shape, position, relationship and function of tooth and jaw structures; still pursue the art of preventing, diagnose and correct any possible changes and keep them in an optimal state of health and harmony, and using control of different types of forces. The desire to correct crowded teeth, irregular or outgoing is very old, because there is evidence that as early as the eighth century BC. are trying to solve these anomalies. Among the archaeological finds of Greek and Etruscan are beautifully designed orthodontic appliances. Orthodontic treatment can be performed in various ways depending on the type of forces which are applied, are mainly:
- Fixed technique using fixed devices which is composed of elements attached to the teeth (bandas y brackets) to which firmly anchor a thin elastic metal alloy arcs (nickel-titanium) through a set of bindings.
The removable, allowing removal from the mouth by the patient. This allows you to remove them during oral hygiene and meals. These devices when treating dental problems have their specific indications are not a substitute for fixed orthodontics, although solve some simple malocclusions with a lower economic cost and less inconvenience for patients. On the other hand tend to be widely used in orthopedics of the jaws with mixed results, but always with wider scope that orthodontics multibrackets. Mainly used as a treatment in primary teeth (Early the infant), where pathological conditions diagnosed in time can become corrected, to such a degree that treatment in the permanent dentition is very specific or even unnecessary.
- The aligners with splints can be removed by the patient and has the virtue of being almost imperceptible, are intended for adult orthodontics but the results are undeniable and comfort.
Dental ImplantsThe dental implant, is a device intended to be a substitute artificial root of a missing tooth. Usually has a threaded and is made of biocompatible materials that do not produce rejection reaction and allow binding to the bone. The implant surface may have different textures and coatings, commonly used to increase adhesion to bone (osseointegration of titanium and if biointegration case of a ceramic material). By replacing missing teeth by implants is preserved as much as this alveolar bone is resorbed by not receiving any stimulus.
BodyIs the portion of the dental implant that is designed to be inserted into the bone to anchor the prosthetic components, generally screw-like but also to other types. In turn, This body is composed of 3 parts, which are:
Is the upper.
It is the intermediate portion.
It is the end point or end.
Cover screwAfter inserting during 1. Th stage surgical implant body in the bone, cover is placed on the crest module, in order to avoid tissue growth on the inside of the thread which has said module or upper portion.
Healing AbutmentAfter osseointegration has occurred is performed 2. Surgical Stage, in which unscrewed and removed and the cover screw is screwed healing abutment, whose function is to extend the body of the soft tissue implant, and allow binding of the mucosa at the gingival crest module, giving birth to the gingival sealing.
Prosthetic connectionThere are different types of prosthetic connection, among the best known can name:
Connecting to external hexagon
Internal hex connection
Connection type "Morse taper", friction connection